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Chimalhuacan (Nahuatl for "place of those who have shields") is a city and municipality located in the eastern part of Mexico State, Mexico. It lies just outside the northeast border of the Federal District (Distrito Federal) and is part of the Greater Mexico City urban area.
The city is practically coextensive with the municipality. The census of 2005 reported a population of 524,223 for the city and 525,389 for the municipality as a whole.
Chimalhuacan was founded 1259 by three chiefs or tlatoani named Huauxomatl, Chalchiutlatonac and Tlatzcantecuhtli. These chiefs and their people originated from Tula and Culhuacan. They spoke Chichimeca y Mexicalanguages but with time their customs merged and Nahuatl became the dominant language. It became subject to Texcoco, and through that belonged to the Aztec Triple Alliance in 1431. The Spanish town of Chimalhuacan was founded in 1529 and the Dominicans built a church and monastary here in 1563.