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Ciudad Nicolas Romero
Ciudad Nicolas Romero is the largest city and municipal seat of the municipality of Nicolas Romero in Mexico State, Mexico. It is located 58 km from the city of Toluca, the state capital and lies in the north-central part of the state, just northwest of the Federal District (Mexico City). The seat/municipality's current name is to honor Nicolas Romero, who fought for Benito Juarez during Reform War and the French intervention in Mexico. He was executed there by the French. The town adopted this name in 1898. The area was settled by the Otomi and named Azcapotzaltongo ("among the ant hills" in Nahuatl) by the Aztecs after conquering it. During colonial times, it was known as San Pedro Azcapotzaltongo. It was then called Monte Bajo from 1821 to 1898, when the current name was adopted. Both the municipality and city are commonly referred to as Nicolas Romero.
Industrialization began here in the middle of the 19th century with factories like the "Molino Viejo" (now La Colmena), "Rio Grande" and "San Ildefonso" textile factories as well as the thread manufacturer Barron, all of which are still in operation. This would continue through the 20th century with paper products and other types of production. In 1898, the seat was named "Villa Nicolas Romero", after achieve town status. In 1998 the town was elevated to city status and its current name is "Ciudad Nicolas Romero".
The city had a 2005 census population of 242,798 inhabitants, representing 79% of the municipality's population.