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San Juan del Rio

San Juan del Rio San Juan del Rio is a city (2005 census pop. 120,984) and administrative seat of the surrounding municipality (municipio) (pop. 208,462) of the same name in the central Mexican state of Queretaro. The population in July, 2007 is calculated in 128,270 for the city and 217,980 for the municipality.

The city and municipality both rank second in population in the state. The municipality has an area of 799.9 km2 (308.84 sq mi).

It is located on the country's central plateau (altiplano), 127 km (79 miles) south-east of state capital Santiago de Queretaro. Famous for its opals, mined at nearby La Trinidad, it is also an agricultural center (corn, wheat, sugarcane, beans, alfalfa, fruit, and livestock) and has some light industry. A number of wineries are also located in the vicinity.

It is connected to Santiago de Queretaro and Mexico City by the mainline freight railway and Federal Highway 57.